詳細

夜狩内神楽(よかりうちかぐら) YokariuchiKagura

15分版 15min

2時間版 2hrs

【夜狩内神楽】
  夜(よ)狩内(かりうち)地区は、椎葉村の北東部、岩屋(いわや)戸(ど)ダムの水面を見下す山の斜面に点在する世帯数17戸の集落である。現在も猟が盛んな地区で、夜神楽には捕獲したなかで最も大きな猪の頭を神前に供える。
  夜狩内神楽は、12月の第3土・日曜日頃に、氏神さまである天満天神と森(もり)鹿倉(かくら)神社に、五穀豊穣と無病息災を願い奉納される。それぞれの神社では神事が行われ、神迎えの神楽として「座付(ざつけ)」が舞われる。その後、夜狩内集会センターに神を迎え、明け方ちかくまで神楽が奉納される。太鼓の音が、演目と演目の間も途絶えることなく鳴り響く。
  舞処である御神屋(みこうや)は、四隅に竹を立て四方に注連をはる。その注連には、切り下げの御幣と榊枝が交互に下げられる。天井中央には「星の幣」と呼ばれる白い御幣が、小銭、麻緒、米などと共に吊り下げられる。正面中央には祭壇の高天原(たかまがはら)が設置され、神迎えの御幣、金(かね)の御幣、榊などが藁束(わらたば)の上に立てられる。御神屋のそとにも、五色の幣を吊した木が高く飾られ、森の中で舞っているかのように設えられる。
  現在、保存会会員は40名ほどいるが、実際の舞手は12名から13名と少ない。地域外に住んでいる人も多く、夜神楽の継承のための方法が模索されている。

【Yokariuchi Kagura】
Yokariuchi is a district of 17 households scattered along the slope of mountains, overlooking the water surface of Iwayado Dam in the northeast of Shiiba Village. Hunting is still popular in the district and the head of the largest wild boar caught is presented to the deities at the night kagura performance.
Yokariuchi Kagura is presented to the local tutelaries at Tenman Tenjin and Morikakura Shrine on the third Saturday and Sunday of December to pray for abundant crop and good health. After Shinto rituals at each shrine, “Zatsuke” is performed as part of the program to welcome the deities. Subsequently, the deities are ushered to the Yokariuchi Community Center and the kagura is performed until the dawn. The sound of the taiko drum reverberates ceaselessly, even during intermissions.
The performance stage called “mikouya” is decorated with bamboo grass at the four corners and ropes on all sides, with sakaki branches and paper streamers hanging in turn. The white paper streamers called “Hoshi no Hei” are suspended from the center of the ceiling with coins, hemp, and rice grains. The takamagahara alter as well as a bundle of straws adorned with gold-colored metal streamers and sakaki branches are set up in the stage front to invite deities. The exterior of the mikouya stage is also decorated with five-color paper streamers hanging tall from trees, looking as if the dancers were performing in the forest.
Although the Kagura Preservation Association is made up 40 members, only 12 or 13 of them perform in practice. As many of the performers are living outside of the district, the Association is looking for ways to preserve their night kagura.